What are Cannabinoids and Terpenes?

Cannabinoids and terpenes

Cannabinoids and terpenes

Hundreds of chemical components known as cannabinoids and terpenes are found in the cannabis plant. They are responsible for many of the consequences of cannabis usage, both negative and beneficial, that are caused by the presence of these naturally occurring components.


The exact function of all cannabinoids is still unknown to researchers, but they have found two major cannabinoids — the psychoactive chemical tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and the anti-inflammatory compound cannabidiol (CBD) — as well as a number of less prevalent molecules.


These are some examples of cannabinoids:


cannabinoids CBD vs THC
cannabinoids CBD vs THC


THC is the intoxicating chemical found in the majority of cannabis plants. It is responsible for the “high” or euphoric mood that is linked with cannabis use. The amount of THC in marijuana has been rising as farmers attempt to develop hybrids with a higher proportion of the psychoactive component. For decades, it was thought that sativa cannabis strains contained higher levels of THC and indica cannabis strains contained higher levels of CBD. But recent studies are in process to contradict that information and make a veridic distinction indica vs sativa vs hybrid cannabis plants.


CBD has no psychoactive or uplifting effects. It does not result in a “high.” However, it may have a variety of medical advantages, including the reduction of pain and nausea, the prevention of seizures, and the alleviation of migraines.


Cannabinol (CBN) is a psychoactive cannabinoid that is used to treat a variety of neurological diseases, such as epilepsy, seizures, and uncontrolled muscular stiffness, among others.


Tetrahydrocannabinol acid (THCA) is a cannabinoid that is structurally similar to THC, however it does not produce any psychotropic effects. It has the potential to alleviate the inflammation produced by arthritis and autoimmune illnesses, among other things. It may also be beneficial in the treatment of neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s disease and Lou Gehrig’s disease.


A substance known as cannabigerol (CBG) is considered to help decrease anxiety and symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and depression in those who have these disorders.


Terpenes are another naturally occurring compound in the cannabis plant.

Terpenes in cannabis plants
Terpenes in cannabis plants

The quantity of THC and CBD in a particular strain receives a lot of attention, but emerging research reveals that terpenes may have an equal or greater influence on the effects of a strain. In addition to terpenes, which are naturally occurring compounds in the cannabis plant. The presence of terpenes has a direct impact on the scent of the plant. Moreover, they may have an impact on the effects that various strains generate.


According to Leafly, some of the most frequent terpenes are as follows:


It is believed that the terpene bisabolol, which is found in chamomile and tea tree oil, may aid to decrease inflammation and irritation. It may possibly have antibacterial and pain-relieving properties.


The peppery, spicy chemical may be beneficial in reducing anxiety, alleviating depressive symptoms, and improving ulcers.


It is said that the floral notes in linalool might assist to promote relaxation and a positive mood.


This earthy, herbal molecule, which is the most prevalent terpene, may aid in the reduction of anxiety and insomnia, allowing you to sleep better at night.


This terpene has aromas that are reminiscent of basil, mango, and parsley. Its principal benefits may include the relief of congestion as well as the prevention of the spread of viruses and germs.


A strong pine fragrance may be detected while using this terpene, as suggested by its name. It may aid with memory enhancement, pain reduction, and the alleviation of some of the less-than-pleasant side effects of THC, such as nausea and coordination issues.


Apples, cumin, and conifers are some of the scents associated with cannabis containing this chemical. It has sedative, antibacterial, and antifungal effects, among other things.


This terpene has bright, zesty citrus flavors that are refreshing. It is said to provide a calming effect and to relieve tension.


This terpene has a strong earthy and woody aroma, similar to that of hops or cloves. Cannabis strains that contain this chemical may be beneficial in reducing inflammation.


This molecule is stimulating and refreshing, thanks to the presence of eucalyptus and tea tree oil overtones. It may possibly have anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.


Potential side effects and risks

Side effects
Side effects

Despite the fact that cannabis usage is often connected with possible advantages, it may also result in undesirable side effects.


This includes the following:

  • dry mouth
  • dry eyes
  • dizziness
  • anxiety
  • paranoia
  • lethargy
  • increased heart rate
  • decreased blood pressure


The majority of these side effects are linked to THC, rather than CBD or other cannabinoids. Any cannabis product, on the other hand, has the potential to cause negative effects.

Additionally, the route of administration may raise your chance of experiencing negative effects.

The use of marijuana, such as by smoking or vaping, might irritate the lungs and airways. Coughing and respiratory issues may result as a result of this. Using oral cannabis preparations, such as candies or cookies, is less likely to have a negative impact on your general respiratory health.

In contrast, ingested cannabis, particularly THC, is more effective because it converts to 11-hydroxy-THC, which provides higher euphoric effects that may persist for hours or even days in some individuals.


That’s it for today. I hope this article was helpful to clarify about cannabinoids and terpenes. Keep updated in our blog to know more about cannabis plants compounds!